Bias against women employees accounts for as high as 40 percent of the pay gap. Image: AAUW/The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap .pdf.
Despite our dependence on caregiving to grow and function as a society, compensation for this labor remains unfairly low. Another factor is the “motherhood penalty”: Women with children earn less than women without kids. On the flip side, fathers get a “daddy bonus,” earning more than men without children. When women move out of the workforce to raise a family, it impacts their lifetime earnings.